Diabetes affects the feet in many ways. Compromising blood flow to the feet, diabetes can affect circulation, healing time and increase the risk of infections to the skin and nails of the feet. Diabetes can also affect the nerves of the feet, causing problems with feeling in the feet and proprioception (the stability of the feet).
Diabetes is also known to adversely alter the joints and muscles of the foot and ankle, resulting in changes to the shape of the feet over time.
Podiatrists play an important role in assessing both the circulation and nerves of the feet. They can also provide vital general foot care, treatment of corns and callus and advice to reduce the risks of foot infection and complications caused by diabetes. Your specialist podiatrist can also perform a Biomechanical Assessment to determine whether the use of orthotics/arch supports will help stabilise the feet and off-load any potential ulcer prone sites.