As Podiatrists, arthritis is a common underlying cause for pain and discomfort in the foot ankle or knees.
Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. It can cause pain and stiffness in any joint in the body, and is common in the small joints of the foot and ankle.
There are more than 100 forms of arthritis, many of which affect the foot and ankle. All types can make it difficult to walk and perform activities you enjoy.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common type we see as Podiatrists. The cartilage in the joint gradually wears away in OA. As the cartilage wears away, it becomes frayed and rough, and the protective space between the bones decreases. This can result in bone rubbing on bone, and produce painful osteophytes (bone spurs).
Although there is no cure for arthritis, there are many treatment options available to slow the progress of the disease and relieve symptoms.
To diagnose arthritis, usually your health professional will refer for blood tests and x ray of the affected region. This can give an indication of the severity and guide the treatment plan to ensure the best outcome overall.
Treatment for arthritis in the foot and ankle include:
-Strapping and taping techniques to decrease pain and inflammation
-custom made orthotics and insoles to alter pressure points and improve mobility
-prolotherapy injections can help with pain and inflammation
By Sarah Ginn and Alicia Hart